What is Cryptocurrency Wallet

Photo by David Shares on Unsplash

Cryptocurrency Wallet is a piece of software or hardware that you can use to store and manage your cryptocurrencies.

Most people have misunderstandings about crypto wallets. They think your cryptocurrencies are sorted in your crypto wallet, but as I mentioned, you can use crypto wallets to store and manage your crypto currency. But It doesn’t mean that you store your cryptocurrencies in your wallet. Got confused? Let me make it clear.

Your crypto currency has no physical form, it's just a unique record which is stored on a blockchain database, and blockchain database is stored on decentralized and distributed networks of computers. So When it is stored on thousands of computers across the world, then how is it possible for you to store your cryptos in your wallet?

In reality you only store public and private keys in your wallet. Those keys make you the owner of all the cryptocurrencies which are associated with it. you can use those keys to access your crypto on the blockchain and manage it as you want.

That’s why it is very important to never lose the key. If you lost the keys you lost your crypto currencies. Another most important thing to remember is; never ever give your wallet private key to anyone. If anyone has access to your private key, he has access to your cryptocurrencies. In simple words, who owns the private key, they own the cryptocurrencies. Be safe!

Cryptocurrency wallets could be hot or cold. It simply means if your wallet is somehow connected to the internet it will be called a hot wallet. And if your wallet is not connected to the internet all the time it will be called a cold wallet.

Types of Cryptocurrency Wallets

1. Software based wallet

Software based wallet is the piece of software that you install on your computer or your mobile phone to manage your crypto. software based wallet could desktop, mobile or online, lets see the difference  
  • Desktop wallet: This type of wallet you download and install on your PC or Laptop. Desktop wallets are considered highly secure, however if your computer gets virus or hacked, you might lose all of your cryptocurrencies.
  • Mobile wallet:This type of wallet you download and install from the app store to your smartphone or other smart devices like tablet or ipad etc. mobile wallet are lightweights, simple and very easy to use.
  • Online wallet: Online wallets are also called cloud based wallets. as the name suggests it runs on cloud and as long as you are connected to the internet, it can be accessed from any computing device from anywhere. Online wallets are more convenient to access but also more vulnerable to hacking, because It stores private and public keys in the cloud and is also controlled by a third party.

2. Hardware Based Cryptocurrency Wallet

It's a piece of hardware, mostly in the form of a USB stick or memory card . You connect it to your computer and use it with help of software to manage your cryptocurrencies. It is considered more secure in the comparison of software based wallets.

3.Paper Wallet

This type of wallet is just the piece of paper on which your public and private keys are printed, mostly in the form of QR codes. You will need to scan those keys or manually type when you want a transition to execute. Paper wallets provide a high level of security.


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